This publication is the Albanian translation of UNESCO publication “Privacy, free expression and transparency” which examines the crucial challenges of balancing the fundamental rights of privacy and freedom of expression, and the related value of transparency, in an online context. The study was commissioned by UNESCO and authored by Joseph Cannataci, Bo Zhao, Gemma Torres Vives, Shara Monteleone, Jeanne Mifsud Bonnici and Evgeni Moyakine, from the STeP (Security, Technology and e-Privacy) – Research Group in the University of Groningen.
This publication explores the boundaries of these rights, and the various modalities of reconciling and aligning them. The study analyses the legal framework, current mechanisms for balancing rights, and specific issues, cases and trends. As revealed by the research, traditional laws and regulations for the protection of privacy and freedom of expression often do not deal with digital issues. Also covered are the interplay and interactions between multiple players—e.g. the State agents, Internet users, ICT companies, civil society organizations, the judiciary and the security services.
Various policy recommendations are made that address both key issues and various stakeholders groups. These include encouraging the use of encryption amongst citizens and focusing on improving digital literacy, promoting technical solutions to enhance privacy protection, and cooperating at the international level for sharing good practices. This translation was supported by AMA.